when to use articles in english pdf

And they help us understand if you are talking about many vs. all vs. one.”. You cannot count non-count nouns. Introduction It is often difficult to decide whether an English noun needs an article before it, and, if so, which article (a/an/the) to use. This fact sheet will not There is only one exit from the airport. English language document review and editing specialists. In the sentence before, the speaker says, “the coast.” Beach is a synonym so this is considered a second mention. No article. I’m so glad they are useful to you! This is the first mention of a day trip. And we can assume it is one of many road trips (in this story, the person is talking about the memories of taking vacations as a child, not just one memory). English Grammar - Articles Test 009 . I think (7) my entire family laughed while I worked at it for (8) an hour. Exception: at night. Possessive used (our) so no article. A beach – new info 8. But we do not use an article (ø) for specific mountains: Mt. This expression quantifies how much time. Thank you so much. For example, “The Thames”, “The Alps”, “The Atlantic Ocean”, “The Middle East”. (Not just any book, but specifically the books your dad gave you for your birthday. Not one, clear specific memory. Anyway, it is better late than never!:). Learning the formulas is a good start but to use them easily (and correctly) it’s important to understand exactly how we use conditionals in English conversation. We don’t use “ a “ before uncountable or plural nouns. My grandmother was a teacher. The main things to consider when choosing an article are whether or not the noun is countable, and whether it … This car is expensive. They identify whether a noun is definite (specific or particular) or indefinite (general or unspecific). Thank you for such a great lesson! 116 0 obj <> endobj By contrast, we can use the definite article the with ALL nouns: the dog, the eggs, the big men, the music, the food, the red wine. Have you memorized the formulas for English conditional sentences but still feel confused about how to use them? If you do a little bit today, a little bit tomorrow, and a little bit the next day, that is okay! And remember – the more you… Read more ». As (5) a child, I remember trying to build (6) a fire from scratch by rubbing two sticks together. In this post I want to stress the importance of articles, as native speakers are very quick to identify that a sentence … Hi Anne, I have enjoyed this post and it’s changed my view about articles. A reading with an explanation for each article in the text so you can see clearly the how and why we use articles. You have shown a good example of using these rules with an explanation! In English, articles are used to modify nouns in certain situations; they are not used before every noun. I hope you’ll try writing your own short example. Articles are something that are very important to the English language, but for some reason many students do not use them when they are speaking. Example: a histology class (h-sound) a one-way path (w-sound) Good Job, Keep Studying. - when we are talking about a thing in general. Sound. When we say what people's jobs are, we usually use a/an. Articles a, an, the uses, examples, PDF, Where do we omit a, an, Use of Definite Article The, Use of Indefinite article a, an, proper use, English grammar. !!! Here “a little” means a small amount. The is used with expressions such as in the evening, in the morning, in the afternoon. No article. :) I have just tried to do the same! This PDF will help score good marks in the English grammar of competitive exams. I notice a mistake in the name of Ukrainian city – correct is “Kyiv“, NOT “Kiev” I’ve definitely been surprised by (10) ____ final bill (11) _____ few times. A, An and The English Articles are the most important articles and most of the questions are framed on these only from English grammar section. Sure, they usually cost (8) ____ little more but if I don’t have to plan everything then it’s worth it. Home. (Although now I just gave the answers away to everyone.) DEFINITE and INDEFINITE ARTICLES: the, a, an The English language uses articles to identify nouns. Summer. Articles are special adjectives used in front of a noun to identify the noun. Like number 18, it is usually general but in this sentence it is “the usual stuff.” This tells us something more specific. I’m impressed. Absolutely 100% correct. Of course, there are exceptions. It is very important to be able to use the articles properly, both when writing and speaking. There are lots of churches and cathedrals and their domes are shining on the sun. HELLO. All (2) ____ details and planning – I can’t be bothered! It really isn’t easy. Names of people, books and plays (unless it is part of the title). Thank you, mam. - 2 - 100 Common English Usage Problems 1. a, an The article a is used before consonant sounds, and the article an before vowel sounds. Provided by the Academic Center for Excellence 1 ESL: Use of Articles Summer 2014 English as a Second Language (ESL): Use of Articles One of the most confusing parts of English grammar for many non-native speakers is the use of articles. I hate planning (1) ____ vacations. Road trip. She's a scientist. It takes time and practice. This sentence assumes it is clear to the listener or reader where this campfire is. Here are some of the most important things to know about using articles. articles do not necessarily use them in the same way as English. As (5) a child, I remember trying to build (6) a fire from scratch by rubbing two sticks together. Fire. A little 5. It is now very specific. ENGLISH ARTICLES The importance of using articles correctly Articles in English are one of the key indicators of native speaker competence, and the ease with which native speakers use articles can lead them to ignore the complexities of the system and often be unaware of their importance to English syntax (Lipski, 1978, p.13). The word ‘run’ has over 90 possible meanings and uses in English, plus we use it in multiple phrasal verbs. My mom would pack all (20) the usual stuff: trail mix, fruit, marshmallows to roast over (21) the fire, stuff to make (22) sandwiches, etc. Can native speakers understand you without them? It is also new information to you. Notice that we use the indefinite article a/an ONLY with singular countable nouns: a dog, an egg, a very big man, an extremely delicious meal. The rules for using articles in English are quite complex, so for students whose first language is not English, when to use an article, and which article to use can cause problems. English Grammar - Articles Test 008 . I think (7) my entire family laughed while I worked at it for (8) an hour. Please comment. Examples. Learn to use ‘run’ with precision in your English conversations. How to use 'a' and 'the' with bed / home / work / town. Year. This time I’d like you to write your own paragraph. They help us understand specific vs. general information. How to use 'some', 'any' and 'no article'. Less and fewer have similar meanings and uses in English; as a result, they are easily confused and mistakes are likely. endstream endobj 117 0 obj <. Note: The articles is not repeated with plural nouns, Verbs is plural form in the sentences given below in ‘C’. It is my pleasure! A plural common noun can have the article ‘the’ if we want to particularise that noun. How to use 'the' and 'no article' with geographical names. I’ve also done the same practice task as Maria, but I didn’t share it because she had already done that))). Use the before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific. It is the campfire at our campsite (not just any campfire anywhere). So we can… Read more », Hi Annemarie! She's a scientist. And we can’t use the because it isn’t a specific all-inclusive vacation, so no article is the best solution. It is the first time the word is mentioned. Memories. This means everyone already knows about the person/place/thing so we don’t have to explain it or define it. We use a or an - only with singular nouns. What you did here, I mean explaining every article is so useful and helpful and awesome! We use “the” for specific mountain rangers (groups of mountains) and groups of lakes. Fortunately, although the rules of using the definite article can be complex, you have a head start if you speak English. I have a question about using an article in front of a country name. My shirt is dirty. The /ø/ is often called the Zero Article. 3. No article – plural, but I am not sure, coz there is also a specific kind of vacations -all-inclusive….? Thank you so much, Maria. 137 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<0C3BC09463D45B4A935E2DAFCB871EA8>]/Index[116 49]/Info 115 0 R/Length 99/Prev 66840/Root 117 0 R/Size 165/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The zero article. A little more 9. This is shared knowledge so we use “the.”. Need more practice? Do you want more information? Expressions that quantify something often use “a.” For example: a little of, a lot of, a bit of, a ton of, etc. We generally use either 'the' or 'no article' with geographical names in English. A few times 12. Read A vs.An and complete articles exercises 1 - 6.. 2. Get more Perfect English … Day trip. We have online tutors in more than 50 languages. Would love your thoughts and questions. Religion is an important issue. %%EOF reading activity with articles! Plus (16) _____ ship has (17) ____ ton of amenities with its many pools, fitness centers, and restaurants. Thank you for these comments on my mistakes, now I see that I do have problems with another little words – prepositions! During the long journey, the family playe… When I was younger, I had (1) a real sense of adventure. I have numbered the areas that I am doubtful about. It can be very confusing. Articles with Countable and Uncountable Nouns. E XAMPLE: Megan said that Kurt’s hat was red. You've done well … I have numbered the areas that I am doubtful about. Like earth, president, sunrise, moon, there is only one possible meaning so we use “the.”. This was very well written! An article appears before the noun it accompanies. In today’s lesson, I want to answer your questions. Read A(An) vs.The and complete articles exercises 7 - 11.. 3. Rules of Articles In English Grammar In this sentence it is also specific: my parent’s kids (not just any kids from any family). We have some wonderful (42) photos of our picnic dinner watching (43) the sunset on (44) the beach. %PDF-1.5 %���� We don't use A/AN with possessive pronouns, demonstratives or cardinal numbers. To Me vs. For Me: Which Preposition Is Correct? You don’t need an article when you talk about things in general.The does NOT = all.Use plural count nouns: Use non-count nouns:NOTE: Count nouns (or countable nouns) are nouns that have a singular and plural form because you can count them, for example one cat, two cats, three cats. isn’t fire an uncountable noun ?why have we used a before it?6 number. endstream endobj startxref When to use A/An. But, there are several situations such as talking about transport, dates, the time, or referring to someone’s identity where Spanish articles don’t behave as you would expect. And there are  (6) ____ activities, (7) _____ beach, pools, and dancing. Hope it’s not too much. These additions are called “Articles” which is any of the English words “a“, “an“, and “the“. We don’t know how much or any specific kind of food. Use the before singular and plural nouns when the noun is specific. My fiancé and I are talking about (12) _____ all-inclusive cruise for our honeymoon. Advanced article usage is more challenging. The first time you mention or refer to a noun, Example: I bought a new pair of shoes yesterday! Singular nouns This is the second mention of “river” so we use “the.” (See the sentence before.). And articles are used before nouns ( = people, places, or things/objects). We would go backpacking, camp in the woods, sleep in tents and spend (3) the evening next to (4) the campfire. Everest. Fire. Many of those you will learn specifically in the text below. Grammar explanation. There are so many rules for how to use them. English Grammar - Articles Test 010 . It is new information. My brother rented a car so it would have been much easier to go around the state. When we are referring to any member of a group we use a/an. Food is general. But last (31) year we did do something a little fun, a little different: we had (32) a staycation. A little sad. You know, those places where all you do is show up and that’s it. English Grammar - Articles Test 014 . When I was younger, I had (1) a real sense of adventure. Example: I watched a movie last night.The movie was thrilling.. Use of a and an. This isn’t easy. We hadn’t enjoyed everything (34) the city has to offer for ages so we decided to have our vacation at (35) home. Articles (A, An, The) With these printable worksheets, students will practice using the articles a , an , and the in sentences. because there is only one:; The Pope is visiting Russia. Example: She is a student at our school. And then I want to help you learn articles in a different way. There are two types of articles Definite article: the Indefinite article: a, a. Nouns in English are preceded by the definite article when the speaker believes that the listener already knows what he is referring to. In this sentence the word is used to talk about memories in general. For example, you can’t say one music, t… Use the rules and examples from this lesson to help you with the articles. Download my free training on how to build the courage and confidence you need to say what you want in English. The Easy Rule for Using Definite Articles . One person is in the reception. For the first three days we planned to visit Florida Keys so as soon as we got the car we hit the road to Summerland Key, our first stop. Campfire is specific. ARTICLES: While we are using nouns in English, we sometimes feel the need to use some additions to them/ before them. In another example, "The cells were placed in a culture dish" differs in meaning from "The cells we… Sunset. (All whales everywhere, not just one specific whale. The two of us could only get 4 days off of work and we were on (33) a tight budget. Thank you so much for your comment and I’m very glad to hear that this post was useful to you. 2. Try my book! But I’m originally from Ukraine, and I often hear people using “the” with it… is it correct? “Articles are used to help us separate (or understand) new vs. old information. I hope guys won’t read these comments first! What I want to mention is that my answers were correct with one exception! Have a great week and thanks for joining me, ~ Annemarie. You didn’t give us only rules! We would go backpacking, camp in the woods, sleep in tents and spend (3) the evening next to (4) the campfire. *When there is just one of something or when something is unique, then the information is shared information. At first I want to thank you for this incredible lesson! Is this an exception? "The teacher I spoke to at the school was very friendly." Use the to refer to something which has already been mentioned. Coolers. Generally, the articles a and the are used with nouns. No article. P.S. 1. a child 2. an elephant 3. a television2. The highest one is a five-storied building and, probably, it was built in the USSR. More uses of English articles. ), Uncountable nouns (unless referring to a specific example). We are looking for an apartment. How to use 'the' and 'no article' with superlatives. I have such an amazing memory of the vacation I took last summer! After that we stopped at… Read more ». "The teacher I spoke to at the school was very friendly." Also, this is the second time we refer to the car, so it is repeated and clear which car the speaker is referring to. Read the explanation to learn more. Fire. Try to fill in the missing words with a/an/the/ø (to show no article). Here are some more rules for when we use English articles “a/an” and “the” – or when we omit the article: Rivers, mountain ranges, seas, oceans and geographic areas all use ‘the‘. For example, everyone around the world knows about the sun. Here is another travel story from last week but with some changes. But a plural common noun does not require an article always. Use the article a or an to indicate one in number (as opposed to more than one). No Article. The words which are used as articles are the, an and a. Let’s take a look at some examples to clarify the meaning of an article. Many “place” nouns do not use an article. Using Indefinite Article: a & an . Share Your Results. We took two different flights and meet up at the Miami international airport. Articles are used to give some specification to nouns. Example: I had an ( =one) apple at lunch. We use ONE (or more) instead of A/AN when the number is important. I agree with you on that. _ Do not use quotation marks around a paraphrase (using your own words to express the author’s ideas) or a summary of the author's words. I know articles can be very challenging but you’ve succeeded with them!… Read more », Don’t be sorry! Learn to avoid mistakes and use them right every time. :() of my last week trip. And they help us understand if you are talking about many vs. all vs. one. I can see you thought carefully about each one. (Refers to a random snake) I saw snakes in a zoo. Grammar explanation. Can you believe the shoes were 50% off!! Sense is one of a group of senses (a sense of adventure, a sense of place, a sense of purpose, a sense of smell, etc.). Unfortunately, I never succeeded and my father had to start (9) the fire. When to use "the" General rules. We visited (36) the museums and went to (37) the theater. English Grammar - Articles Test 012 . But I haven’t camped for years! This is the second mention of fire so now the listener or reader knows which fire – the fire I tried to build from scratch. Kids. Here is a text from last week’s Travel Stories lesson. For this activity, I am using a text from last week’s lesson on Travel Stories although I’ve made a few changes. Evening. The sound is defined – it is the sound of the river, not just any possible sound. 1. I mean, I do love traveling but I don’t want to think about it. It was very intresting and useful for me. If a noun starts with a consonant sound (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, etc. It sounds amazing but I’ve never been on (13) ____ ship for that long. Keep studying English and you'll be fluent in no time. Every (11) summer my parents would pack up (12) the kids and (13) the dog into (14) the car. Not just any stuff but the normal or usual stuff we take on vacation. (NOT The Mexican food is spicy). Non-count (or uncountable nouns) are nouns that do not have a plural form. Can you speak English? We know it is the beach from the day trip. This activity will help you understand how articles help us understand new vs. old information and specific vs. general information. I have read Romeo and Juliet. A An The In English grammar, there are two different types of article, the definite article and the indefinite article. In addition to learning the rules, you can gain a good working use of the articles through reading and listening. This lesson has three parts: Finally, I know this lesson is heavy. It makes me (30) a little sad that Sophie, our daughter, won’t have those same memories. 164 0 obj <>stream a great way of explaining. 0 We do not use articles before the names of languages. 1. Certainly, using articles in English is challenging so it’s always good to find a new way to understand them. No article – plural 7. Generally, the articles a and the are used with nouns. 1. e.g., a book (any book) a dog (any dog) a cat (one cat) a house (one among many houses) Use a or an only for singular nouns. Sunset is a unique noun. I’m (14) ____ little nervous about seasickness I do love (15) ____ idea of island-hopping. Sandwiches. Singular nouns If there are many, then the speaker would need to define which coast. For number 2, we could also use “those” if someone wanted to avoid using an article. Indefinite articles a an. This is my first task. English as the global academic language facilitates the international mobility of young researchers (Graddol, D. ,2006). We were a team of twenty enthusiastic young chaps, ready to shrug-off… Read more », Wow, Salahudheen, you sure have put in some effort here. Today, we are providing rules on the Usage of Article "The" in English Grammar.These rules will fulfill 2 -3 questions which comes in SSC Exam like SSC CGL & SSC MTS Exams.. Rule 1: "The" is used before the parts of the body which are used in place of possessive Adjectives Don't strike her on … The word “our” is before it so we do not need an article (see number 7). And then, of course, we break the rules too. It is more than 700 years old and just 100 km from Kiev. Same as rule number 12. When to use The. And yes, you’re correct to use: What I like the most was the reading …” And congratulations on doing such a great job with the answers! It is not clear or defined. It this sentence it is specific: my family’s dog (not just any dog). You'll also get my Confident English lessons delivered by email every Wednesday and occasional information about available courses. Now it is upon you that how you choose article noun-by-noun in any sentence. _ Quotation marks set off the titles of magazine articles, poems, reports, and chapters within a book. This is the first mention of budget and it is not a specific or defined budget. I have pasted your text below with some corrections for articles: Mam, below is the description of my last week trip. Definite article the. We use A/AN with: 1. Articles: worksheets exercises, handouts to print. #193: Less vs. I had a late dinner yesterday. City. We use no article with: 1. Sense. An all-inclusive cruise – not mentioned before 13.… Read more », Maria!!!!! I’ve… Read more », Hi Tatyana – I’m SO glad it was useful. The final bill – defined bill, not any bill 11. I loved (2) the vacations my family took every summer. You got: % Correct. When to use The. Especially with your use of a/an/the. My grandmother was a teacher. Articles are used to help us separate (or understand) new vs. old information. Science writing requires precision. Child. What Is An Article in English? You can unsubscribe any time. As always, my advice is to listen carefully to how natives speak, and copy them. Articles in English Grammar, types and their rules Articles in English Grammar, types and their rules Articles in English Grammar. 2. Articles are special adjectives used in front of a noun to identify the noun. In this lesson, get practice examples for how and why to use the Zero and First Conditional in English. For example, the sentence "The lesioned brain shows memory deficits" refers to a brain with a previously described brain lesion, whereas "A lesioned brain shows memory deficits" implies that any brain with any size lesion anywhere in the brain will exhibit memory deficits, which is clearly not the case. No article 6. Because “staycation” means to stay home in your own city for a vacation, we assume the reader/listener knows which city. You have (5) _____ breakfast, lunch, and dinner. That sentence, “I prefer all-inclusive vacations …” is a tricky one. If you haven’t learned about the ø before, don’t worry! For example: at home, at work, at church, to church, to jail, etc. Grammar test 1: Articles 1. Generally no article is used with seasons, days of the week, months or holidays. English Grammar - Articles Test 015 . Singular nouns and the first time we refer to a person, animal or thing. Keep up your good work and congrauts . Spot. really appreciate your help. This is the first time road trip is mentioned. There is no doubt: articles are confusing! I loved listening to (26) the sound of (27) the river at (28) night! (First mention). I prefer (3) _____ all-inclusive vacations for (4) ____ little R&R. 'Welcome to English Grammar Spot! Articles act much like adjectives. Do not use an article … Thank you for your lessons. (NOT The religion is an important issue) Mexican food is spicy. Then they would pack all (15) our outdoor gear on (16) the roof of (17) the car and fill (18) coolers full of (19) food. Write your paragraph in the comments section. We are referring to one single hour. Car. h�bbd``b`�$��X[���`�"���9�`��� �]�H�2���� n��������0��$j�30120Y�F�g�� � � m Ultimately you have to get a ‘feel’ for their use. You did a great job thinking about “why” for each example. Learn all about when to use 'a' or 'an' and when and how to use 'the. I’m actually terrible about over packing. Note: There are some exceptions to this rule. Candidates can download rules of articles In English grammar with examples pdf file by clicking on below link. Family has “my” in front of it. Just two small changes: – When we use “to spend” for time, we the time phrase after the verbs so in the first sentence we would say, “I spent the last three days in …” – A preposition change: ” … and their domes are shining [in] the sun.” I’m really impressed with this one Maria. Wow – perfect! He's an architect. I am extremely grateful to you! Coast. In the most simple terms an article is a way of letting the listener or speaker know that a noun is either unspecific or specific. Campfire. See #30. Again, we are referring to the specific fire at our campsite, not just any fire anywhere. Unique things have ‘the’. Dear Annemarie! - with a singular noun to say something about all things of that kind. Here are some of the most important things to know about using articles. Photos. The definite article the is the most frequent word in English.. We use the definite article in front of a noun when we believe the listener/reader knows exactly what we are referring to:. I own a cat and two dogs. - Here we are talking about one specific teacher (the one I spoke to). 1. Years, days and months don’t usually use an article. That's because nearly any time you use "the" in English you can use the definite article in Spanish. We don’t have to explain the sun, so we always use the sun (not a sun). The details – some specific details concerning vacations (it sounds better with “the” to me) 3. Hi, Annemarie. Here the speaker is referring to all photos, not just one and not a specific photo from the day. - Think of a and an as meaning any or one among many. We use a when there is an adjective before breakfast, lunch, dinner etc. A quick overview of general rules for how to decide which article is correct. ), “ a ” comes before the noun. You can choose to write another travel story or you can talk about your day. I went with my family in Florida for a whole week. Vacations. However, learning a few general rules about the use of the articles is helpful; the logic of these rules can be transferred to most uses of the article. really appreciate your help. I love adding milk (uncountable) to my coffee (uncountable + possessive). A great lesson! We just need to learn if we need 'the' or 'no article' for each kind of place. Example: A cat likes drinking milk. Ugh! Share Flipboard Email Article Use in English Quiz. We don’t know which fire or when. Neither David nor I can take that much (29) time off of work. Hello Annemarie, Here is my second task – a story! Who is the president of France?. (NOT Can you speak the English?) You should already know that in English we have 4 articles a/an/the/ø. Articles clarify whether a noun is specific or general, singular or plural. Stuff. ), When you define a specific person, object or place, I loved the book my dad gave me for my birthday. You also have to accept that in certain cases convention is more important than grammar. Indirect articles a an exercises for esl. (You will learn more about this in the text you’ll read below.).

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