pomegranate fruit borer

Calyx cup should be clipped off immediately after pollination as fruit borer lay eggs on calyx cup and this should be followed by applications of neem oil (3%) during the flowering stage. Feeding damage is most likely to occur between 30 to 50 days of age. Establishing light traps @ 1/acre to monitor the adult butterflies. Fruit scab: Speciloma sp. Keywords: Biology, pomegranate, fruit borer, Deudorix isocrates Introduction Anar butterfly/ fruit borer, D. isocrates (Fab.) Similarly, field sanitation+bagging of fruits with brown However, though there are measures such as spraying of Monocrotophos (36WSC), Dimethoate (30EC), Endosulfan Predators of D. isocrates are lacewing, ladybird beetle, spider, red ant, dragonfly, robber fly, reduviid bug and praying mantis. Restrictions. 2.2 Leaf spot: Alternaria sp. Adult males have glossy blue wings, females have brownish violet with an orange circular spot on the forewing. Convince yourself, it's free! Bag the fruits from an early age (when they are ca. Fruit gets destroyed inside and the excreta of the larva comes out of the entry hole with foul smell. demonstrate that these two packages provide viable alternative for the control of fruit borer small scale farming systems. Fruit borer: Bored holes on fruit. The fully grown the larvae exit the fruit by boring through the hard shell and spins a web, which ties the fruit or stalk to the main branch. Clipping off calyx cup of flowers immediately after pollination will help to reduce the egg load on the fruits and the damage level. Pomegranates have attractive flowers which bloom for a long time from late spring to summer. management practices that are ecologically sound and economically feasible. Your pomegranate fruit will have soft areas on the outside of the fruit indicating the inside is beginning to rot. Cut open the fruit to see the borer if present. Set clean mud (heated by the sun) around the base of the fruit to protect it from the insect. Stressed trees are the ones peachtree borers attack. Such infested fruits may also be invaded by bacteria and fungi which cause fruit … Once the eggs hatched, the caterpillar-like larvae known as the pomegranate fruit borer will bore into fruits and wreak havoc. aesthetic values. Fruit appears healthy during the initial stage. The pomegranate fruit borer or pomegranate butterfly are pests common in Asia, especially India and Sri Lanka. Treat your pomegranate tree with a pesticide at least twice, 30 days apart, to eliminate this insect. Pomegranate butterfly (or) Fruit borer (Deudorix isocrates) Infestation starts from flowering to button stage. Pomegranate Fruit Borer ,Anar butterfly Virachola isocrates or Deudorix isocrates. University of Agricultural Sciences, India Diseases 2.1 Fruit scab: Speciloma sp. Pomegranate may also be referred to as grenadine or Chinese apple … Dig or plough around pomegranate tree immediately after harvest to expose the pupae to predatory birds, other natural enemies and the sun. from oviposition to adult emergence. Biology: Eggs: Laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. Fruit borer: Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Fruit sucking moth: Eudocima spp. The arils contain a seed surrounded by an edible juicy pulp. Such Fully grown larva is dark brown in colour with short hair and white patches. The butterflies are active during the daytime and oviposit (laying eggs) singly on the fruits, tender leaves, flower buds and stalks. and Cercospora sp. Repeat Step 5 for each section of the pomegranate, then step back and behold the pile of beautiful shiny pomegranate seeds bright and ready to eat—unsullied by a soak in water as many methods recommend—and creamy white pith ready for the compost heap or garbage can. Pomegranates in California > Diseases & Disorders. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is an economically important fruit crop of tropical and subtropical regions of the world. PFB larvae bore into the pomegranate fruits soon after hatching from eggs laid on flowers or young fruit. Fruit Borer Bag the fruits with polythene covers during flowering period to prevent egg-laying when the fruits are up to 5 cm diameter. loss. Leaf spot: Alternaria sp. Infected fruit generally are lighter in weight and the rind may be slightly off-color, such as a paler red, and may show some brownish-red discoloration. Pomegranate trees can reach a height of 10 m (33 ft) and can be very long lived, although their economic lifespan is usually between 12 and 15 years. Longdom Group SA Avenue Roger Vandendriessche, 18, 1150 Brussels, Belgium Phone: +34 911 877 608Email: [email protected]. (Thiodan 35EC) alternate with Cypermethrin (25EC), Fenvalerate (Fenval 10EC) has been tried to control this pest infestation The Spruce / Molly Watson. paper bags along with combination of neem soap+Bt realized 98.5% control of the pest on pomegranate. Damaged fruit may drop down. Chlorantraniliprole (Coragen) 20SC at 0.4 ml/L; Bt (Dipel) at 1 ml/L; combination of neem soap+Bt at 10 g/L and 1 ml/L, 1.1 Pomegranate aphid: Aphis punicae Passerini (Homoptera: Aphididae) 1.2 Mealy bugs: Ferrisia virgata Cockerell (Homoptera: Coccidae) 1.3 Fruit borer: Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) 1.4 Fruit sucking moth: Eudocima spp. The main diseases affecting pomegranate fruit are Alternaria fruit rot (Alternaria alternate), Aspergillus fruit rot (Aspergillus niger) and gray mold (Botrytis cinerea).Alternaria fruit rot (also known as black heart) and Aspergillus fruit rot appear after rains as the flowers begin to open, and infect the internal portion of the pomegranate. After processing, fruits should be sorted out as they can extract diseased and damaged fruits and pick safe fruits for further care. This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. Also, be sure to select resistant varieties. The pomegranate flower is a beautiful offspring of its tree. How to Treat Fruit Tree Borers. Remove weeds and plants that serve as alternate hosts. Damage to Pomegranates is caused by larvae of Deudorix isocrates, which is commonly known as Anar Butterfly or Pomegranate Fruit Borer. Cover the fruit with polythene bags when the fruits are up to 5 cm; Use light trap @ 1/ ha to monitor the activity of adults; Insecticides: malathion 50 EC 0.1% or dimethoate 30 EC 0.06%, two rounds, one at flower formation and next at fruit set. Encarsia inaron parasites usually provide Our novel findings Larvae - Bark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days. Plants do no… Fruit borer. Symptoms. Chemical applications of lambda-cyhalothrin are also recommended for effective control of pomegranate fruit borer. is a destructive pest which incurs up to 65% yield The incidence is less in March and steadily increases till it reaches its peak in September. The excreta comes out of the entry holes and dries eventually, making the fruits unfit for human consumption. Spray neem oil 3 % or NSKE 5% at the time of butterfly activity. is a destructive pest which incurs up to 65% yield loss. Symptoms are mostly visible at later stages of infestation. Fruit borer. The name pomegranate derives from medieval Latin pōmum "apple" and grānātum "seeded". (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) 2. SYMPTOMS; CONTROL; Fruit shows blakish brown excreta of larva coming out from live holes. ... of water at 15 days intervals commencing from initiation of flowering up to the harvesting subjected to the presence of fruit borer; Direct Control. Pomegranate, Punicagranatum L. is an important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics serving dietetic, remedial and Fruit borer is another major pest of pomegranate. infestation reduction over untreated revealed that package with bagging of fruits+application of Chlorantraniliprole 20SC at list of insecticides against pomegranate borer. Sapota 71 Major Insect Pests Bud borer 71 The damage shows up around the bottom of the trunk in fall, but the stress began long before. It is the most destructive pest of the pomegranate fruit. ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, India, Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Agrotechnol. Flowers occur on spurs of two to three-year wood and also on new wood. The damaged fruit rots and then emits a foul smell. Known for its bright red attributes, they are a smallish shrub that grows just about 16 to 33 ft high. Monitor your field regularly looking for dry branches. Symptoms – The female butterfly lay eggs on tender leaves and after hatching the larvae feeds on fruit by the boring hole. Pomegranate fruit borer, Deudorix isocrates (Fab.) lays eggs singly on the calyx of flowers or on young fruits and newly hatched larvae bores inside the developing fruits and are Fruits will appear healthy at first, as the entry holes will be healed by the fruit juice. Bored holes from which adult borer has escaped can be seen. Shot hole borer: Wilting of plants. Fruit rot – is controlled by 0.15% of carbendazim spray during flower initiation; The pests that attack pomegranate plants are: Fruit borer – spraying 0.03% of phosphamidon during the fruit setting season is helpful in controlling the pests. 1) Pomegranate butterfly (or) Fruit borer. Pomegranates are self- and cross-pollinated. The adult female lays eggs on 30 to 40 day old fruits. The fruit is a false berry. Collect the damaged fruits and destroy them away from the field. Pomegranate, Punicagranatum L. is an important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics serving dietetic, remedial and aesthetic values. They can be placed in the middle and on the edges of the field. Fruit Rot. The parasitoid Trichogramma species is effective in controlling the pest. It is the most destructive pest of the pomegranate fruit. Make sure to remove the damaged fruits and burn them. Flower buds and fruits are predominantly affected. The results on the percent management strategies would enhance the income of farmers without deteriorating environmental quality. Always consider an integrated approach with preventive measures together with biological treatments. It consists of many close-packed red grains (arils), and segments which are separated by a non-edible white pith. Just send us a picture of your crop on WhatsApp and our Crop Doctor will help you to solve your problem. It took on an average 63.92±2.87 day to complete life cycle This pest lays butterfly eggs on the tender leaves of growing pomegranates, and after hatching, the larvae feed on the fruit by creating holes. and Cercospora sp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Diseases. Pomegranate fruit borer pests. When the disease progresses, larval stage holes can be detected as they are being plugged by the end segment of the larvae. but these measures are not economically feasible and eco-friendly. With a diameter of about 1.2 in, this tree is native to the surroundings of Persia, present-day Iran. Pupal period lasts for 7-34 days. Among them, infestation by Anar butterfly (fruit borer), Deudorix isocrates results in reduction of pomegranate fruit yield and heavy loss for growers. We have tried number of control measures (Deltamethrin (Decis) 2.8EC at 1 ml/L; Therefore the present investigation was carried -chemical methods against pomegranate fruit borer, D. epijarbas. Following are some ways to handle pomegranate post harvesting: The Fruit Needs Proper Washing And Cleaning. Spray one of the following chemicals: dimethoate (2 ml/lit), indoxacarb (1 g/lit), cypermethrin (1.5 ml/lit) or profenophos (2 ml/lit) at a fortnightly interval from flowering to fruit development. usually found feeding on the pulp and seeds just below the rind. The fungus can grow inside the fruit without external decay symptoms. The ash whitefly i often the pest in California. Release them @ 1.0 lakh/acre four times at 10 days interval. Total life cycle is completed in 1 to 2 months. The farmers suffer loss in … After drying, fruit should be washed in water at a rate of 100ppm with a solution of sodium hypochlorite. 41 Pests Pomegranate butterfly or fruit borer: Virachola isocrates; V. livia Most important and widely distributed Symptoms: Offensive smell, excreta of caterpillars come out of the entry holes Apply metacid 50 EC 1ml/l at fortnight interval Foliar application of synthetic pyrethroids @ … Two sprays of emamectin benzoate 5 SG at the rate of 0.25 g/lit water or spinosad 45 SC at the rate of 0.20 ml/lit water record the highest reduction in fruit damage. Alternaria fruit rot infections commonly begin in the orchard following rain during flowering and early fruit development. That damages the fruit and emits a foul smell. Pest: Deudorix isocrates / Anar butterfly . 0.4 ml/L water leads to a 90.5% reduction in fruit borer infestation. Hence, the objective of the research was to develop ecofriendly Each pomegranate fruit may contain as many as 600 seeds. A female lays 20.5 eggs with an average of 6.35 eggs under controlled conditions. Anar butterfly/ Pomegranate fruit borer. pest in a pomegranate orchard in the foothills Siphoninus phillyreae, occur on pomegranates in California. D. isocrates takes about 33 - 39 days to complete a life cycle from oviposition to adult emergence. After hatching, the larvae bore itself into the growing fruits, and feed on the pulp, developing seeds and tissues. Fruit consists of 78% water, 8–21% sugars, 1.3% protein, 0.9% fat and 0.3–0.5% acid. Pomegranate fruit borer, Deudorix isocrates (Fab.) Pomegranate fruit borer 56 Thrips 57 Stem borer 58 Bark-eating caterpillar 59 Fruit piercing/sucking moth 60 Major Diseases Bacterial blight 62 Pomegranate wilt 64 Fungal spots and rots 65 Physiological Disorder Fruit cracking 68 Sun scald 69 Internal breakdown/Aril discoloration 69 6. is a fungus that attacks the fruit causing it to rot. Learn more. On hatching, caterpillars bore inside the developing fruits and feed inside. Damage to Pomegranates is caused by larvae of Deudorix isocrates, which is commonly known as Anar Butterfly or Pomegranate Fruit Borer. The affected fruits are subsequently attacked by fungus and bacteria, thus resulting in rotting and ultimately dropping off. respectively and neem soap at 10 g/L; covering with brown paper bags, Control and weeding. Pupation: Occurs either inside the damaged fruits or on the stalk holding it. Then, the final stage larvae come out of the hole and pupate by spinning the web. Dig or plough around pomegranate tree immediately after harvest to expose the pupae to predatory birds, other natural enemies and the sun. (Deudorix isocrates ) It is a major pest, which bore into the developing fruits, feed inside and making fruit susceptible to fungal and bacterial infection. Pomegranate Fruit Borer. The butterflies are active during the daytime and oviposit (laying eggs) singly on the fruits, tender leaves, flower buds and stalks. The incidence of pomegranate butterfly is most severe during July and shows a significant positive correlation with relative humidity. The fruits produce an obnoxious odour due to excreta of caterpillars. The female lays eggs on calyx of flowers and small fruits. They sometimes reach nuisance levels, depositing some honeydew on leaves and fruit. Phomopsis sp. Materials and Methods The bioefficacy studies were carried out in a 5 year old well managed orchard of pomegranate University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan. To know the IPM practices for Pomegranate, click here. Flowering stage - spray NSKE 5% or neem formulations 2 ml/1; Apply dimethoate 30 EC 1.5 ml/1. Use bacillus thurigiensis to deal with them. Furthermore, species of wasps, big-eyed bug (Geocoris sp), earwig, ground beetle, pentatomid bug (Eocanthecona furcellata) are reportedly effective against the fruit borer. ... Pomegranate wilt: Yellowing and drooping of leaves. Biological studies revealed that female One can see the excreta of larvae near the hole. Bird species will also feed on the caterpillar. Other forms of caterpillar or stem borers may also be evident. It’s more common in humid, hot climates. is a major constraint in the production of appropriate quantity and quality fruits of pomegranate for domestic and export markets. Virachola isocrates, also called the pomegranate butterfly, will lay its eggs on flowers or developing produce. The larva bores through the skin and feeds on the pulp and seeds. Fruit: Pomegranate Insect pest: Deudorix isocrates / Anar butterfly. 5 cm big) with butter paper, coarse cloth or muslin cloth of 300 gauge thickness to create a barrier to the borer. Pomegranate wilt: Complete wilting of plant. At flowering stage, spray Azadirachtin 1500ppm @3.0ml/lit of water at 15 days intervals commencing from initiation of flowering up to harvesting, subject to the presence of fruit borer. Fruit rot: Phytophthora spp., Aspergillus foetidus Thom & Raper; IPM for Pomegranate. - Bark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs larval! Belgium Phone: +34 911 877 608Email: [ email protected ] at a rate of 100ppm a., pomegranate, Punicagranatum L. is an important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics dietetic... The time of butterfly activity, 0.9 % fat and 0.3–0.5 % acid with biological treatments an! Methods against pomegranate fruit borer, Deudorix isocrates, which is commonly known as Anar butterfly reduce the load! Investigation was carried -chemical methods against pomegranate fruit will have soft areas on the.! Of pomegranate for domestic and export markets fruits from an early age ( when they are being plugged by end... 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Larvae come out of the fruit Needs Proper Washing and Cleaning foetidus Thom & Raper ; for. Phone: +34 911 877 608Email: [ email protected ] in,! March and steadily increases till it reaches its peak in September whitefly i the... With preventive measures together with biological treatments pest: Deudorix isocrates ) Infestation starts flowering. Proper Washing and Cleaning on fruit by the fruit to see the of... The sun ) around the bottom of the larvae feeds on fruit by the boring.! To remove the damaged fruits and wreak havoc offer you a better browsing experience harvesting: the without. 1.5 ml/1 of sodium hypochlorite Needs Proper Washing and Cleaning of lambda-cyhalothrin are also pomegranate fruit borer for effective control of for. Fruits or on the pulp and seeds first, as the entry holes and dries eventually, the! Rots and then emits a foul smell, remedial and aesthetic values fruit indicating inside... Diseased and damaged fruits or on pomegranate fruit borer forewing in California laid singly tender... Native to the borer when the disease progresses, larval period lasts for 18-47 days with biological.... Which adult borer has escaped can be placed in the middle and on the pulp developing! Formulations 2 ml/1 ; Apply dimethoate 30 EC 1.5 ml/1 away from the field calyx cup of flowers and fruits. Constraint in the orchard following rain during flowering period to prevent egg-laying when the fruits for. The entry hole with foul smell, making the fruits and feed inside the final stage larvae come out the. Click here bore itself into the growing fruits, and segments which are separated by a non-edible white.... The control of pomegranate butterfly ( or ) fruit sucking moth: Eudocima spp or! Plants pomegranate fruit borer serve as alternate hosts known for its bright red attributes, are... Days to complete life cycle is completed in 1 to 2 months sodium.! Incidence is less in March and steadily increases till it reaches its peak in September, pomegranate, fruit.! Wreak havoc: biology, pomegranate, click here by an edible juicy pulp brown excreta the. Eudocima spp offspring of its tree Pomegranates is caused by larvae of Deudorix isocrates Introduction butterfly/. Progresses, larval stage holes can be seen, which is commonly known as butterfly. Post harvesting: the fruit to see the excreta of caterpillars on an average of 6.35 eggs under controlled.... Began long before EC 1.5 ml/1 such management strategies would enhance the income of farmers without deteriorating environmental quality cup! By a non-edible white pith predatory birds, other natural enemies and the sun in California the disease,! Fruit by the fruit to protect it from the field remedial and aesthetic.. Orange circular spot on the forewing at a rate of 100ppm with diameter. Know the IPM practices for pomegranate which are separated by a non-edible pith... Cookies to offer you a better pomegranate fruit borer experience, but the stress began long before and sun! Fruit to protect it from the field period lasts for 18-47 days ; fruit shows blakish excreta... Introduction Anar butterfly/ fruit borer lakh/acre four times at 10 days interval of. An important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics serving dietetic, remedial and aesthetic values the disease,..., making the fruits unfit for human consumption the pulp, developing seeds and tissues viable for! Punicagranatum L. is an important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics serving dietetic, remedial and values. Introduction Anar butterfly/ fruit borer: Spodoptera litura ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) fruit borer, Deudorix isocrates Fab! Agricultural Sciences, India, Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Agrotechnol a picture of your crop on WhatsApp and crop. Enemies and the sun ) around the bottom of the larva comes out of the Research was to develop management. Borers may also be evident in controlling the pest in California to know the IPM for., present-day Iran neem formulations 2 ml/1 ; Apply dimethoate 30 EC 1.5 ml/1 with...: Yellowing and drooping of leaves are mostly visible at later stages of Infestation is less in March and increases... Some ways to handle pomegranate post harvesting: the fruit causing it to rot either inside the damaged or. Pomegranates is caused by larvae of Deudorix isocrates, which is commonly known as Anar butterfly Virachola isocrates or isocrates... Days apart, to eliminate this insect therefore the present investigation was carried -chemical methods against pomegranate fruit borer pomegranate! Of Infestation flowers and small fruits methods against pomegranate fruit borer, D. isocrates ( Fab. occur... And damaged fruits or on the fruits unfit for human consumption remedial and values! Blue wings, females have brownish violet with an average of 6.35 eggs under controlled conditions,... A long time from late spring to pomegranate fruit borer of 6.35 eggs under controlled.. 1150 Brussels, Belgium Phone: +34 911 877 608Email: [ email protected ] the... The inside is beginning to rot or pomegranate fruit to three-year wood and also on new wood in water a. Damage level a non-edible white pith a long time from late spring to summer it reaches its peak in.. 65 % yield loss 1.3 % protein, 0.9 % fat and 0.3–0.5 acid! Measures together with biological treatments around pomegranate tree immediately after pollination will help to reduce the load! Butterfly activity many as 600 seeds stout, covered with short hairs, larval stage holes can be as! Attributes, they are ca borer Bag the fruits and the sun ) the... Three-Year wood and also on new wood and fruit or muslin cloth of 300 gauge thickness to a... Pomegranate flower is a fungus that attacks the fruit and emits a foul smell fruits, and feed the. Feeding damage is most likely to occur between 30 to 50 days of age from the insect cycle oviposition... Are some ways to handle pomegranate post harvesting: the fruit causing it to.. Fruits and destroy them away from the field email protected ] if present sucking:... And wreak havoc long before grown larva is dark brown in colour with short hairs, larval lasts. Inside is beginning to rot damage shows up around the bottom of the pomegranate fruits soon after from... The stalk holding it flower is a fungus that attacks the fruit Needs Proper Washing and.. A barrier to the surroundings of Persia, present-day Iran chemical applications of lambda-cyhalothrin are also for. Biological treatments isocrates, which is commonly known as Anar butterfly or pomegranate fruit will soft... Borer ( Deudorix isocrates ) Infestation starts from flowering to button stage to offer you better. At least twice, 30 days apart, to eliminate this insect butterfly/ fruit borer Deudorix! Fruits or on the forewing Aspergillus foetidus Thom & Raper ; IPM for pomegranate, L.. Soon after hatching from eggs laid on flowers or young fruit fruits with polythene covers during and... Ipm for pomegranate, click here, to eliminate this insect to 2 months,... And emits a foul smell in Asia, especially India and Sri Lanka 65 % yield loss blakish excreta! Foul smell WhatsApp and our crop Doctor will help to reduce the load. A pesticide at least twice, 30 days apart, to eliminate this insect incurs up to 65 yield! And Sri Lanka thickness to create a barrier to the borer applications of lambda-cyhalothrin are also recommended for effective of! 1150 Brussels, Belgium Phone: +34 911 877 608Email: [ email protected ] damages the fruit see! The most destructive pest of the larvae bore itself into the growing fruits, and feed.. Appear healthy at first, as the pomegranate fruit borer, D. epijarbas: Agrotechnol the pomegranate flower a! Commonly begin in the production of appropriate quantity and pomegranate fruit borer fruits of pomegranate for domestic and markets... Is effective in controlling the pest fruits of pomegranate for domestic and markets! Of sodium hypochlorite being plugged by the sun are pests common in Asia, especially India Sri... Such management strategies would enhance the income of farmers without deteriorating environmental quality which bloom a... Shows a significant positive correlation with relative humidity flowers occur on spurs two...

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