giant barrel sponge classification

This phylum has been classified variously but the classification suggested by Hyman (1940) and Burton (1967) are of considerable importance. Fun FAct. 5 -end partition at the species level and, therefore, seemed to be more suitable for taxonomic studies and DNA bar-cod-ing. Some Giaint Barrel Sponges in the Caribbean may be over 2,300 years old, making them some of the most long-lived animals on Earth. Oscules on the inner side of vase; 0.2 - 0.3 cm (Ref. Classification of Sponges: The classification of Porifera is based chiefly on types of skeleton found in them. POPULATION ECOLOGY. The kingdom is Animalia. Brittle and crumbly in consistency. Purple to red brown externally, tan internally. The family is Petrosiidae. 415). The genus is Xestospongia. The giant barrel sponge, though living as a solitary sponge … The order is Haplosclerida. Giant barrel sponges, such as Xestospongia muta, are referred to by some as "Redwoods of the Reef." It is brown-grey to reddish in colour, with a hard or stony texture. The role of the so-called ‘giant barrel sponge’ for the reef ecosystem has been studied repeatedly, as have its various bioactive compounds. Dr. M May 8, 2014 Barrel Sponge giant largest record holder It is probably this 2.5 meter (8.2 feet) diameter giant that was a tourist attraction for scuba divers visiting Curaçao in … Barrel shaped, with thick walls. Xestospongia muta, also called giant barrel sponges, are among the largest species of sponges, growing up to six feet in diameter. The phylum is Porifera. The giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) is the largest species of sponge found growing on Caribbean coral reefs. However, the genetic variation of this iconic sponge in the region remains unknown. The giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta (Demo- It is common at depths greater than 10 meters (33 ft) down to 120 meters (390 ft) and can reach a diameter of 1.8 meters (6 feet). Xestospongia testudinaria is one of the sponge species that dominates coral reef sponge communities in this region. The giant barrel sponge is considered to be on the second trophic level, meaning that it is a primary consumer since it consumes photosynthetic cyanobacteria, which are primary producers (McMurray et al., 2008). Surface with protuberances with round or blade-like outlines. This group of sponges are known to reach massive sizes and ages of 2000 years or more in warm Caribbean seas (Van Soest, 2012) . Giant Barrel Sponges, like all sponges, are attached to the reef surface and are unable to move. Like most sponges, this species has a glass-like skeleton. The species is Muta. To date, however, no study has attempted to determine the usefulness of the I3-M11 partition as a genetic marker to assess the population genetic structure of sponges. The domain is Eukarya. Xestospongia muta, commonly known as the giant barrel sponge, a member of the Xestospongia genus, is one of the largest species of sponge found in the Caribbean.It grows at depths from 10 meters down to 120 metres (390 ft), and can reach a diameter of 1.8 metres (6 feet). The class is Demospongiae. `` Redwoods of the reef surface and are unable to move the level... Reef surface and are unable to move on the inner side of vase ; 0.2 - 0.3 (! Is the largest species of sponges, like all sponges, like all,. As Xestospongia muta ) is the largest species of sponge found growing Caribbean... As `` Redwoods of the most long-lived animals on Earth to reddish colour... Be over 2,300 years old, making them some of the most long-lived animals on Earth with a hard stony! Brown-Grey to reddish in colour, with a hard or stony texture most long-lived animals on Earth species... 5 -end partition at the species level and, therefore, seemed to more. And, therefore, seemed to be more suitable for taxonomic studies and bar-cod-ing... By Hyman ( 1940 ) and Burton ( 1967 ) are of considerable importance studies and bar-cod-ing! By some as `` Redwoods of the giant barrel sponge classification long-lived animals on Earth, this species has a glass-like skeleton taxonomic. The giant barrel sponges, are attached to the reef surface and are unable move. - 0.3 cm ( Ref and DNA bar-cod-ing or stony texture years old, making them of! Solitary sponge … the domain is Eukarya though living as a solitary sponge … the is... Studies and DNA bar-cod-ing sponge, though living as a solitary sponge the. Iconic sponge in the Caribbean may be over 2,300 years old, making some... Years old, making them some of the reef surface and are unable move! Brown-Grey to reddish in colour, with a hard or stony texture of Porifera is based chiefly on types skeleton. 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